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Glaucoma Risk Factors, Types and Symptoms.

Glaucoma is a disease of the major eye nerve that is the optic nerve, the optic nerve is responsible for transmitting signals to the brain and this signal then results in our vision. It can be identified by the damage to the optic nerve that results initially in the loss of side vision and later causes blindness if not treated properly or not on time.

Glaucoma causes irreversible blindness, and it is also the second-largest of causing blindness in the world. It is caused by the elevated pressure in the optic nerve and blocks the proper flow of blood into it. When the pressure is too low the eye becomes softer and due to an increase in pressure it causes hardness to the eye and the fibers of the optic nerve are likely to damage due to this high elevated pressure.

Risk Factors of Glaucoma

Glaucoma is known as a sneaky thief of sight because it causes destroy sight and blindness without any obvious or common symptoms. Proper detection and treatment can save certain people their eyesight. There are some factors that can cause glaucoma:

  • Over 45 years of age.
  • The Ancestral history of glaucoma.
  • History of elevated pressure.
  • Any eye accident.
  • Nearsightedness
  • Farsightedness

Types of Glaucoma

There are 2 main types of glaucoma, open-angle glaucoma, and close-angle glaucoma. Glaucoma usually affects both of the eyes, the result of glaucoma occurs only in one eye if there is a history of injury, medication, and use of steroids in that eye.

Open-angle Glaucoma

There are several types of open-angle glaucoma that we will discuss in our article.

  1. Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma.

It is the most common type of glaucoma that happens in people with old age, this is caused by the improper working of the drainage system of the eye. This factor results in the clogging of aqueous fluid that is supposed to exit from the eyes. Due to blocking and clogging this fluid causes pressure in the eyes and can gradually cause loss of eyesight.

  1. Normal or Low Tension Glaucoma

This type of glaucoma can be caused by the low amount of blood pressure that is being transferred to the optic nerve. A Low amount of blood in the nerve can cause nerve damage and may result in damaging eyesight. This can be treated by proper and regular consultation with a doctor.

  1. Congenital Glaucoma

This type of glaucoma is not rare like open-angle glaucoma, but it is a type that happens due to the drainage area that is not fully developed when a baby is born, it causes the baby’s eyes to enlarge in size due to pressure inside the eye. Detection and treatment can save eyesight on the time of an infant.

  1. Secondary Open-Angle Glaucoma

This is mainly caused by an eye injury, use of steroids, and inflammation of the iris due to diabetes. It can also detach the retina from the eye and cause blockage for the draining system of the eye. The treatments of this glaucoma vary according to their cause.

Angle-Closure Glaucoma

This type of glaucoma is most common in Asian countries, this glaucoma is mostly caused to people having small eyes, because of small eyes drainage system of the eye is also small and sometimes gets blocked because of various impacts like usage of medications that result in dilation of pupils, sometimes it gets trigger because of dark environment like theaters when pupils dilate to let light enter. The main symptoms of close-angle glaucoma are vomiting, severe eye pain, headache, inflammation in the eye, sometimes a person with angle-closure glaucoma encounters halo when exposed to bright light. This can be treated by several medical consultations and surgeries to let the drainage system work properly.


The people facing close-angle or open-angle glaucoma does not face any early symptoms, glaucoma gradually causes side vision loss and irritation to the eyes by bright lights. There are some symptoms that are visible in a person with glaucoma.

  • Nausea
  • Headache
  • Vomiting
  • Redness of eye(s)
  • Blur in Vision

The pupil also does not react to light by becoming large and small.

How to protect eyes this summer?

For skin there are so many sunscreen creams but nothing for the protection of eyes. There are some best tips on eye care protection and these advices will help you keep a good vision for countless summers to come.

Ultraviolet protection sunglasses:

Sunglasses are the best option for eye care. People are very concerned about their skin and know what things can protect from ultraviolet radiations but they don’t know that our eyes require the same protection from UVR. Sun produces the ultraviolet radiation rays and these rays can also reproduce from the surface like water or sand. The greatest eye care from the UVR contact is to buy sunglasses that give protection 100 percent beside both rays that include UVA and UVB and wear those glasses constantly even on cloudy days as well. An agency based in the US offers many affordable brands that also give the same level of protection.

Apply spectacles while swimming:

when you go swimming after so many days then the first dunk in the pond may be harmful to your eyes. Because the pool water contains chlorine that protects you from germs and this can harm your eyes. So the best eye care option for protecting the eye is to apply the spectacles whenever you go swimming. This suggestion is not only for the pool but also you should wear spectacles when you go in the sea or other area of water because those places also have other impurities that may be harmful to your eyes.

Rinse hands and keep away from rubbing eyes:

Past research shows that to keep yourself from infectious diseases, the great way is to simply rinse off your hands many times a day. This method is important to avoid any eye-related diseases like conjunctivitis. This disease can be produced if you touched something that already other people have touched and rubbed their eyes. You must keep yourself from any infection especially when you have done eye surgery like LASIK, glaucoma surgery or cataract surgery because after surgery eyes may prone to get an infection. The center for illness control recommended that everyone must wash hands properly before doing any eye treatments and also keep away from rubbing your eyes as much as you can. Take extra care when you have conjunctivitis and wash your hand after using droppers for eyes or ointments to avoid passing the illness.

Put on hats:

wearing only sunglasses do not protect your eyelids that are also required the protection. Whenever you leave home wear hats along with sunglasses, it is necessary because sunglasses have gaps from where the UVR rays can come from. Wearing sunglasses minimize the risk of having any eye-related disease but if you put on hats it will cover the edges as well that will completely protect your eyes. Continuous use of hats with sunglasses can a lot decrease the UVR rays.

Impact of supplements on Eye vision and health

“Eat your carrots, they’re good for your eyes.” is a common phrase we often hear. There are also many kinds of nutritional supplements advertisements that we often see for eye care and health. You may also have heard about the nutrients that tend to prevent or delay eye-related diseases and problems. The debate is all about whether supplements really matter for your eye health and vision? Let’s plunge into discussing some important information regarding this topic.

Overview according to scientific discussion

Despite the fact that there are just a few researches the claim regarding the positive impact of supplements on eye health, plenty of claims are made about the positive impact of such supplements every now and then. One exception regarding these claims could be Age-related eye disease studies that were conducted by the National Eye Institute. The study greatly focused on two major conditions i.e., cataracts and age-related macular degeneration, that affect millions of Europeans every now and then. Supplements were given to the patients undergoing these conditions for some years, and the results were promising. There were great benefits of some supplements that helped those patients to recover from their condition to a great extent.

Supplements that are expected to help your eye health

According to research, the following supplements have shown to be beneficial for eye health:

  • Zinc

Zinc is a powerful antioxidant that is naturally found in your eyes and protects your eyes against cell damage. Copper supplements are advised to be taken combined with zinc as copper absorption is lessened while taking zinc supplements.

  • Lutein and zeaxanthin

Zeaxanthin and Lutein are carotenoids. There are some pigments found in your retina and plants referred to as carotenoids. Supplements containing zeaxanthin and Lutein can help to increase the density of carotenoids in your retina. These supplements also absorb ultraviolet light or high-energy blue lights and prevent them from damaging your eyes.

  • Omega-3 fatty acids

Large quantities of Omega-3 fatty acids are present in the photoreceptor cells of your retina. One type of Omega-3 fatty acid called docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) helps in the development of the retinal cell. These nutrients also help in healing the cornea and retina and regenerate after damage because of aging and light exposure in addition to reducing the inflammation. Low levels of Omega-3 fatty acids can cause progressive damage to the retina with retinopathy or dry eye syndrome etc.

  • Vitamin C

Vitamin C is greatly known for reducing the risk of developing some types of cataracts. Some of the studies also found the combination of vitamin E and C supplements are great for slowing the progression of cataracts and reducing the risk for cataracts.

  • Vitamin B1 (thiamine)

Vitamin B1 is expected to be very beneficial for your eye health in addition to reducing the risk of cataracts. Vitamin B1 also reduces inflammation and is also known to be “anti-stress.” Initial researches also linked Vitamin B1 in helping to deal with uveitis that is an inflammatory condition of the eye leading to blindness.


The vitamins mentioned above are present in plenty amount of natural products, but unfortunately, we often don’t pay attention to a healthy dietary lifestyle, and hence, it leads to lacking nutrients in our body. However, the first resource that gathers all the information regarding your eye health has to be your doctor. Before taking any kind of supplements, it’s important to consult your doctor first who’ll devise the dosage given the status of your eye health.

Five tips to maintain your eyesight

We take care of our skin. We take care of our hair. But we always take our eyes for granted. Isn’t it? Especially the youngsters who believe that they’re too young to lose or damage their eyesight. Well, this isn’t true. If you stop taking care of your eyes, they’ll have a negative impact too. Just like the rest of your body, your eyes are affected too.

A balanced diet, wearing sunglasses and quitting smoking – these are some of the basic things which can help in improving your eyesight.

Here we have put together a list of things which will help you maintain your eyesight. This extensive overview of eye-care will help you realize how important eye-care is and what you need to do to keep them fit and healthy.

Eat Well:

A healthy and balanced diet not only helps in maintaining your eyesight but is also beneficial for the rest of your body. A balanced meal including vegetables, fruits and adequate portions of meat helps in maintaining your eyesight. Nutritionists and eye doctors recommend regular use of green vegetables like kale and spinach along with fish like salmon and tuna to keep your eyesight normal.


Most of us think exercising is just to keep your arms, legs and back healthy, right? Well, what most of us don’t know is that exercising is also beneficial for your eyesight. Since it improves the blood regulation, therefore, increases the oxygen levels which keeps the eyesight normal.

Get an Eight-hour Sleep:

Your sleeping patterns matter a lot. Following a proper sleeping schedule with a proper eight-hour sleep gives proper rest to your eyes which eventually keeps them healthy and normal. A long and peaceful sleep helps in supporting your eyes and maintaining the health perfectly.

Avoid smoking:

Smoking is injurious to health – we’ve heard this line quite often. We’ve heard that smoking can be harmful for the heart and lungs. What we don’t know is that smoking can be harmful to your eyes as well. It reveals your eyes to oxidative stress which can affect your eyes greatly. Thus, it is important to quit smoking if you want to keep your eyes healthy and fit.

Blue Light and Devices:

The blue light devices like phones, laptops, tablets and bad designed websites can affect your eyesight a lot, read more about web designing tips at Since the use of these devices has increased greatly over the past few years, therefore eyes are being affected a lot as well. The majority of young people have weak eyesight because of the extensive use of these gadgets and devices. Therefore, in order to keep your eyes healthy and normal, it is necessary to avoid these blue light devices as much as possible.

These are the five tips that can help in maintaining your eyesight. Even though there are tons of other things one can do to prevent weak eyesight as well, like wearing sunglasses, using safety eyewear and staying away from UV lights but the initial steps to improve your eyesight and keep them normal are mentioned above. Make sure you follow them to maintain a healthy eyesight

Things you need to know about protecting your eyesight


Eyes are the most important part of the human body. There is no life without the eyesight, 80 percent of the senses comes from seeing the things. The accurate vision helps us to save our self from the hostile world. Nothing can compensate or replace the loss of the vision. It is important to take care of your eyesight, without healthy eyes you can’t enjoy the taste of life, your life would be dark. The protection and regular checkup of your eyesight save you from deadly diseases or permanent loss of the vision. There are some tips which are helpful in protecting your eyesight.

1.Risk of eye disease:

If your family has some history of eye diseases, you should be aware of the consequences. If your family members or parents have high blood pressure or diabetics, and you have the age of 50 or above then you must be careful.  These things can increase the risk of eyes diseases for you. To avoid these risks you must have a proper medical checkup or have a proper diet to eliminate the chances of high blood pressure or diabetics. If you ignore the symptoms of the high blood pressure or high glucose level can lead you to the vision loss.

2.Changes in vision:

If you notice the changes in your vision, like weak of the eyesight or headache, you must have to contact the doctor. If you take proper treatment on the time, will save yours from the serious eye diseases. The minor eye infections are also dangerous for your vision causes eye pain or swelling.

3.Exercise daily:

According to the health experts, the daily exercise can reduce the risk of many diseases almost seventy percent. The age-related diseases like high blood pressure or diabetics can control by the daily exercise.

4.Protection from the UV light:

When you out in the direct sunlight you must wear sunglasses that protects your eyes from the harmful ultraviolet rays. The ultraviolet rays can cause many harmful eye diseases like pinguecula and cataracts. The dark color sunglasses give you 100 percent protection from the ultraviolet rays.

5.Have a healthy diet:

The diet plays an important role in your life; the healthy diet helps you to maintain a healthy body. The diet contains fruits and vegetables have antioxidants which are good for eyesight. The fish contains omega-3 which helps to minimize the risk of macular degeneration. The use of multivitamins can be effective for healthy eyesight.

6.Quit smoking:

The latest research shows that smoking can increase the risk of macular degeneration and many other eye diseases. The smoker has to affect rapidly from age-related diseases as compared to other peoples.

7.Workplace safety:

If you are working with tools or chemicals that can be dangerous for your eyes, you must have to wear safety glasses to prevent any serious injury. If you have to work in the dust or travel on the bike you have to wear a helmet or glasses.

How Eye Spectacles can save Your Eyesight

Sunglasses make greater than a style assertion — and also they maintain the eyes secure from the sun’s hazardous ultraviolet (UV) radiations. That’s the reason for selecting the most appropriate sunglasses is a very important part of maintaining the eyes safe.

Ultraviolet radiations do boost the hazard of creating vision diseases such as cataracts, age-related macular degeneration (AMD), or even tumors of the eyesight and eyelids, tells Richard Shugarman, MD, spokesperson for the American Academy of Ophthalmology also an ophthalmologist in West Palm Beach, Fla.

“Ultraviolet rays are a type of emission while changes the cells,” “UV harm is cumulative, thus proper protection should get started on at the beginning in everyday life, although the harm might not be obvious until several years later on.”

Further Keys to Securing the Vision problems

Kids especially can be in danger. “Older humans have smaller sized pupils as compared to teenagers, therefore the young-looking eyes admits substantially more light,” states Shugarman. Whenever you go outdoors and then wear the sunglasses, make certain that your kids are putting on his too.

How Eye Spectacles can save Your Eyesight

Some few Tips on how to Block out Ultraviolet Light rays

Sunglasses can easily prevent hazardous Ultraviolet radiation and decrease the chance for possibly blinding eyes disease and cancer, but yet they’re also fabulous at avoiding dirt and dust, sand, as well as other airborne dirt from going into our eyes. read more information about kids eyeglasses at

Prescribed sunglasses give the similar security just like non-prescription eyeglasses, on condition that they actually have identical Ultraviolet safety and lens dimension, states Shugarman. Optics that shadow whenever seen by lighting is a good idea. “Transitions along with optics adjust the level of shade, but is not the real shade by itself,” states Shugarman. “In the past, these were extreme, slow-acting, and merely modified a little. The most recent types have overcome these types of challenges which makes them very helpful in circumstances and conditions at which the daylight or brightness alter frequently, just like the golf course, on the water, or acquiring in and away from the vehicle regularly .”

Keys to Deciding on Efficient Sunglasses

  • Look for sunglasses that block out 99 to 100% of UVA or UVB radiation.
  • Don’t select sunglasses according to the darkness or even color of the optics. Except if dealt with, black optics usually do not keep away Ultraviolet radiation more desirable than some other shades. Read through the instructions in fact.
  • When looking at sunglasses, higher works better. Wrap-around color choices that provide aspect safety are particularly better choices. “The sun’s radiation doesn’t just simply originate from the front part,” states Shugarman. “They might reveal from areas for example cars and the water.”
  • If you need to do plenty of sailing or traveling, look at polarized optics, which can be helpful for lowering brightness. Click here to read more about polarized optics.
  • Remember: value isn’t a sign of the excellence of Ultraviolet safety. In reality, it has been concluded that certain expensive sunglasses might be much less effective at stopping Ultraviolet radiation as compared to cheaper support frames. Because there are not any steady labels of sunglasses, check with the optometrist for instruction on finding the right set of sunglasses to preserve the vision.

Bifocal and Multi focal Contact Lenses

In case you are over forty while having troubles looking at near, you may have a common age-related problem known as presbyopia which can be at any time the eye’s normal lens loses the capability to concentrate on familiar items. Presbyopia is an organic and natural practice since the eyes age ranges and also can affect the most of men and women from age forty or up. People that have presbyopia might be experienced with the ought to keep reading through materials, for example, daily papers an arm’s distance far away from their eyesight so that you can look at easily, still following glasses or contact lenses with bifocal or even multifocal ( ongoing ) optics will help.

Luckily for individuals who don’t love the appearance, think or just concerns of reading through glasses and contacts, there is certainly an alternate choice. Bifocal as well as multifocal contact lenses can also be found in contact lenses in each soft and also Rigid Gas Permeable (RGP) designs. click here to read more information about Eye Spectacles. XO Optix Optician shared the insight that individuals with multifocal contacts lenses are now available in optic stores.

Multifocal contact optical elements provide you with additional options over eyeglasses and they will let you be capable to see every direction – up, down also to the sides – with the same sight. Individuals carrying progressive optics in eyeglasses on the contrary really need to examine their eyeglasses in order to look at up-wards or even into the extended distance.

Bifocal and Multi focal Contact Lenses

The Main Difference between Bifocal and Multifocal Contact lenses

As the label indicates, bifocal contact lenses are separated into 2 different sections for various eyesight potential, the 1st for extended distance eyesight and the 2nd for nearby eyesight. This allows you to easily change your concentration from nearly far as required, but your eyesight will never automatically be very clear in between. The word multifocal contact lenses may focus on every contact lens with numerous properties such as bifocals, trifocals, and progressive contact lenses. Non-bifocal multifocal optical elements bear a variety of capabilities that allow you to frequently regulate your target to view without a doubt from near to far as well as in between.

Multifocal contact lenses are usually created in a couple of ways, since either simultaneous vision optics or even alternate eyesight optical elements.

Simultaneous eyesight optical elements

The most common type of multifocal contact optical elements, simultaneous eyesight optical elements presents the far and near sight regions of the lens simultaneously. Generally, after a brief modification interval, your vision learns how to use the sector of the lens which they need to target the preferred thing and simply neglect the other.

They are available in 2 layouts:

Concentric rings layout: In the simplest shape they are bifocal contact lenses which are made up of a crucial circular part of one power with a ring around of the optional power, very much like a bulls-eye. Within this model the power of the ring (both near and far eyesight is interchangeable). For more advanced viewing (18-24 inches wide away) additional rings are usually included in creating a trifocal or multifocal lens. The thickness of every ring is changeable based on the power that is necessary at the highest level and the ends of the rings may be blended for a soft transformation of focus, same as progressive eyeglass optical elements. read more information about bifocal contact lenses

Aspheric layout: Most of these multifocal contact lenses seek to give a purely natural eyesight practice by blending together a number of lens powers across the surface area and also the middle of the lens. Within this layout, each far and close eyesight power can be found in the middle graphic region and your lovely eyes may possibly embrace the focus on the region required to see what you really are viewing.